Pampanga Open Source eXchange (POSX) is a budding community of Open Source software users, developers and enthusiasts within and around the province of Pampanga, Philippines. Open to all interested. To check our Yahoo EGroup page, click here.
As Linux entered Philippine IT mainstream, several local Linux distros have emerged. Listed are the 3 major distributions that are well known.
The Bayanihan Project began in 2001 as the pioneer initiative towards the creation of an alternative and open source desktop solution by the Advanced Science and Technology Institute (ASTI), an attached agency of the Department of Science and Technology (DOST) committed to the research on and development of Philippine microelectronics as well as information and communication technologies. Throughout the years, the Bayanihan Team has yielded several products including Bayanihan Desktop, BLTCM, and BL Server.
Since the project’s launch, the Bayanihan Team has also conducted trainings and lectures on their products as well as on the Free/Open Source Software (F/OSS) philosophy, basic Linux concepts, F/OSS applications such as OpenOffice.org, among others. Bayanihan has been and will continue to be promoted primarily for use in the education sector, government, and SME’s.
LormaLINUX is Lorma Colleges’ very own Linux Distribution that has been optimized and customized to meet the needs of educational institutions and its students. It is a full-featured Operating System specifically created for ease of installation, ease of use and functionality.
AMA Desktop Linux is a Linux Distribution for AMA Computer University that aims to provide an interface that is comfortable to existing Microsoft Windows users.
For my first post on Linux, let the topic be its history. Linux was created by Finnish computer scientist Linus Torvalds in 1991 as a Unix clone. Based in Wikipedia, it was initially a terminal emulator, which Torvalds used to access the large UNIX servers of the university. Previously all big computers used one or another version of UNIX as their operating system. UNIX was created by programmers of Bell Labs in early 1960s and proved to be really good. So good that it became a de facto standard OS for practically all computers before the PC era. Linus being unsatisfied that he could not run Unix on his PC with a 80386 processor decided to rewrite Unix from scratch. Development was done on Minix using the GNU C compiler, which is still the main choice for compiling Linux today.
But ability to run on cheap PC clones was not the only thing that made Linux special. What really created revolution in OS world was that Linus gave away his work for free. Though it was not uncommon to write freeware at that time Linux really broke the ice of free software foundation. The ability to see the source code, to improve it and share it with others to gain satisfaction inspired many programmers to dedicate many sleepless nights to work on it. It was improved and improved, so that ultimately it became even better than many commercial Unix packages.
Later Linux was distributed on GPL license which allowed everyone even to sell one’s work on Linux for profit with the condition that the full source code should be supplied without any restrictions to use it. That also threw Linux into heated discussions about freedom, responsibility and other politicized things we will not speak about here. The main thing is that Linux with all wonderful features is free but getting the installation disk, getting the support and maintenance will cost you something.
Why the name Linux?
Linus Torvalds had wanted to call his invention Freax, a portmanteau of “freak”, “free”, and “x” (as an allusion to Unix). During the start of his work on the system, he stored the files under the name “Freax” for about half of a year. Torvalds had already considered the name “Linux,” but initially dismissed it as too egotistical .
In order to facilitate development, the files were uploaded to the FTP server (ftp.funet.fi) of the Helsinki University of Technology (HUT) in September 1991. Ari Lemmke, Torvald’s coworker at the HUT who was responsible for the servers at the time, did not think that “Freax” was a good name. So, he named the project “Linux” on the server without consulting Torvalds. Later, however, Torvalds consented to “Linux”.
Sources and additional links:
This will be the first entry of my blog and I decided not to change the default subject (which is Hello world!) since in every programming languages, it’s always the “Hello World!” program that jumpstarts everything. In my blogsite, I will be adding tutorials, new and updates, and other infos about Open Source Software, well especially more focused on Linux OS. I am a Linux enthusiast and an Open Source advocate for almost, hmmmm, around 8 years now. Thanks for most companies I have worked with that because of them I was able to enhance more my knowledge with the said subject. So what I want to do now is impart some of my learned knowledge and share them with fellow Linux and other Open Source Software users. I’ll add more on my next entries.